Rome is the capital and largest city of Italy, and the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the country. It has a history of more than 2,500 years. It is a world-famous historical and cultural city and the birthplace of the ancient Roman Empire. Nicknamed the “Eternal City”. The city is located in the central and western part of the Italian peninsula, on seven hills in the plains of the lower reaches of the Tiber. The city center covers an area of more than 1,200 square kilometers. Italy’s most extensive and populous city, and one of the world’s most famous tourist sites.
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Table of Contents
there are many piazzas in Rome
Piazza San Petro , Piazza di Spagna, Piazza della Rotonda , Piazza of Trevi Fountain, Piazza Campo de’ Fiori , Piazza Venezia and Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere .
Piazza Navona is good place too. It contains Bernini’s Fountain of the Four rivers, which represents the four river gods, symbolizing the largest rivers of the four major continents.
Campo de’ Fiori the food market
Get an authentic feel of Rome is to go to the Campo de’ Fiori to check out the food market.Buy a little fruit and grab a cup of coffee .
If you have some time, participating in a small-group tour is a great way to learn more about historical food markets in Rome.
Rome’s iconic Colosseum , I can guarantee you you’ll be amazed by this masterpiece of imperial Rome architecture. It is actually the largest amphitheatre ever built and it could hold between 50 000 and 80 000 spectators.
Routes and tips for visiting the Colosseum:
Metro stop: Colosseo (line B)
Get your tickets online, book a guided tour.If you buy tickets on the spot you have to wait in line for an hour.
Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill
During the Roman Empire, the Forum was market place and the center of all public life. While you stand among the impressive remains, try to imagine life at this time going on all around you: triumphal processions, elections, public speeches, trials, economical business …All these things happen in the forum.
Palatine Hill is very close to the forum and should be visited together
Practical tips to explore the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill:
Tickets to the Colosseum give free access to Forum & Palatine Hill.
This is a magnificent building with a history of 2000 years,It’s one of Rome’s best preserved monument and a testament to amazing architecture.it will give you a feeling of grandeur that makes visiting the Pantheon such a unique experience.
Opposite the pantheon is Piazza della Rotonda,you can admire the Renaissance fountain-Giacomo della Porta and the Ramses II obelisk.
One of the most famous fountains in the world and one of the most touristic places in Rome, the Trevi fountain should not be missed.
The Vatican is an independent ecclesiastical city-state within Rome, ruled by the Pope. It holds the largest church in the world: St. Peter’s Basilica, the very famous Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums.
St. Peter’s Basilica is the most renowned Italian Renaissance church, designed principally by D. Bramante, Michelangelo, C. Maderno and G. L. Bernini and built over an older basilica between 1506 and 1628.
Behind the church is St. Peter’s Hill, where overlooking the entire church is the best place to take photos.
The Vatican Museum is located in the center of Rome, the Catholic country of the Vatican. It is the smallest country museum in the world.
The Vatican Museum has six kilometers of exhibition space, and the famous Sistine Chapel is the third or fourth art hall in Europe.
The museum has a total area of 55,000 square meters and was formerly the Pope’s court.
The Castel Sant’Angelo
The castle has been around for many years, starting with the mausoleum of Emperor Hadrian and members of his royal family. It was later used by the pope, then a prison, and now a museum.
The castle is named after the statues of angels on the roof and is absolutely worth it at least for the astonishing views of Rome and the Vatican it provides.
Vittorio Emanuele II Monument and Altare della Patria
Vittorio Emanuele II Monument: also known as the Monument to the Unknown Soldier, is located on the Capitolino hill in the south of the largest square in Rome, the capital of Italy. This is a tall and majestic white marble building. It was built in 1885 and completed in 1911. It was designed by the famous architect Sacconi engineer. The monument was built to commemorate the founding king Emmanuel II of Italy. It is also a symbol of Italian independence and unity.
The Spanish Steps
The famous Spanish Steps at Piazza di Spagna.This beautiful stairway of 174 steps was first built between 1723 and 1725 by a French diplomat in order to link the Bourbon Spanish Embassy to the church.
Spain Square at the bottom of the stairs.(Piazza di Spagna) has a Fontana della Barcaccia, a baroque fountain built between 1627 and 1629.
The Villa Borghese
The Galleria Borghese is an art gallery that holds a large portion of Borghese sculptures, paintings and antiques, including Caravaggio, Benigni, Titian, Raphael and Lu Paintings by Bens.
The Garden of Oranges
Orange Garden is on the top of Aventine Hill. You need to climb the mountain. The view is wide and the scenery is beautiful.
Rome was established on both banks of the Tiber. The Tiber River is important in terms of trade and commerce. Today, after experiencing history, stroll along the peaceful banks of the Tiber River and take a look at the countless bridges on the river. It is natural to fall into contemplation here.