Bulgaria travel guide

Bulgaria is a country on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. Its neighbors are Romania in the north, Serbia and Macedonia in the west. Greece and Turkey are in the south, and the Black Sea is in the east. Since 2007, Bulgaria is part of the European Union.

CIA

Important information for Bulgaria

  • The capital and most important economic center of the country is Sofia in western Bulgaria.
  • The official language is Bulgarian.
  • The currency is Bulgarian Lev.
  • The official time in Bulgaria is Eastern European time, which is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
  • Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic, divided into 28 administrative regions.
  • The majority of Bulgarians’ religion is Orthodox, and a few believe in Islam.
  • The country is famous for dairy products, rose oil and wine.
  • Big cities: Sofia (capital), Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas, Ruse.
  • The highest peak in Bulgaria, Musala (2,925 m), is located in Rila.

Bulgarian terrain


In the middle of the country is the Balkan Mountains and the highest peak is Botev. To the north is the Danube valley and the Romanian border is divided by the Danube. Between the Rhodope Mountains and the Black Sea is the Gornotrakiyska lowland.

In the south of the capital Sofia is a mountainous area that extends to Greece. The highest mountain range in Bulgaria is in the Rila and Pirin mountains, in the east of the Struma valley. The highest peak of the Balkan Peninsula in Mushara (2,925 m) is located in Rila.

There are many natural caves, waterfalls and mountain lakes in the Rhodope Mountains. It is a place worth visiting. The east of the country borders the Black Sea and has hundreds of kilometers of beaches.


network coverage

Three mobile service operators in Bulgaria provide almost 100% network coverage:

  • Vivacon
  • telecommunications
  • Telenor

Bulgaria has good internet speed. The country’s average download speed is 13.3mbps, similar to the United Kingdom and the United States, ranking 22nd in the world, second only to Luxembourg. It can provide the highest connection speed at the highest price.

However, the farther you are from the city, the worse the quality of the Internet connection and the options you have. If you want to live in a village and the Internet is important to you, make sure to study the types and speeds of available Internet connections. Asking your potential neighbors is the best way.
It depends on whether you buy the Internet as a cable TV package.

The price of an independent broadband subscription ranges from about 15.54лв/ US $ 8.50 (10mbps) to about 70лв/ US $ 38 (100mbps) per month.

 sim card in Bulgaria for tourists

Data Validity Price
1 GB 10 days 5.99 BGN
2.5 GB 20 days 9.99 BGN
9 GB 30 days 29.99 BGN


Transport

Bulgaria has 4 international airports-Sofia, Varna, Plovdiv and Burgas.

The railway network provides coverage in almost all regions in Bulgaria. You can buy tickets at railway stations, transportation offices in towns and cities, and travel agencies.

Road conditions in Bulgaria are not good. Always be careful when driving on the road.
Bus transportation is developed. There are buses to most major cities in the country. There are also international bus routes to most European capitals and other European cities.
The territory of Bulgaria is not large, only 370 kilometers across the country from east to west.

residence

Accommodation in Bulgaria is usually cheap. There are many hotels and hotels in Sofia, ranging in price from a dormitory bed of 7 euros to a private room of 20 euros. The hotel is slightly more expensive, but it all depends on your preference. You can find accommodation in almost every city in Bulgaria through Booking.com. There are also good places on Airbnb.

special food


I really like Bulgarian salads and I don’t even want to eat dinner.The wine here is very good, especially wine, if you are a person who likes drinking, then don’t miss this place.

  • Breakfast: banitsa with boza (drink), mekitsas (fried dough pieces), and fried bread slices, popara.
  • Drinks: Rakia (strong alcoholic drink).
  • Salads: Shopska Salad, Shepherd’s Salad, Dobrudzha Salad, Roasted Peppers Salad.
  • Dishes: Meat balls, Kebapches, Grilled meat pieces, Grilled sausages, Kavarma.

Festivals and traditions


Kukeri – Kukeri is a traditional Bulgarian ritual used to drive out demons, and people dressed in costumes perform the ritual. These costumes cover most of the body, including wooden masks decorated with animals and large bells attached to the belt. Around the New Year, the Kukri walked and danced in the village, scaring away evil spirits with costumes and bells. And pray that this year the village will be able to harvest, be healthy and happy.Every year from February 1st to 3rd.

Nestinarstvo – The dance of Nestinarstvo is held in the village of Bulgari. The ceremony was held to ensure the happiness of the village and the fertile land. People silently formed a circle around the fire, the saints expressed their wishes, and then began to enter the circle of fire and step on the embers. Nestinarstvo is a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Survakane – Another very important part of welcoming the New Year, “survakane” is an ancient tradition. It started in the early morning of January 1. A group of children gathered together, walked from their home to relatives’ homes, and used “survachka” (a beautifully decorated wooden stick) to beat relatives and friends, while saying a special poem, blessing him for health and wealth. In return, the owner of the house gave them some money and hospitality.

Lazaruvane-Lazarki Day is a traditional Bulgarian festival suitable for young girls. It is only one day in the year usually – Saturday before the day of flowers (Flowerday). The child who became a woman last year is called Lazarki. They perform the ceremony Lazaruvane, when a girl becomes Lazaruva, she can be engaged and married.

Currency information

The currency unit of the Republic of Bulgaria is lev (BGN), which is equal to 100 stotinki (st.). The country has been managed by the currency board since 1997, and Lev’s value is pegged to the euro at a fixed exchange rate of 1 euro – 1.95583 BGN. You can exchange currencies at banks and currency exchange offices.

Credit cards: Most hotels and shops in Bulgaria can now use VISA, MasterCard, American Express and Diners Club

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