The name of the building is “Casa Terreno”, 3 hours from Mexico City.When architect Fernanda Canales decided to create a vacation home for him family on a secluded plateau in Valle de Bravo, Mexico, he knew that the remote location and temperamental weather would be a challenge.
Architects: Fernanda Canales
His goal is to create a weekend getaway that simultaneously admires the scenery and serves as a sanctuary for the region’s extreme climate.
Mexico is located in North America, mainly distributed between the equator and the Tropic of Cancer.There are three main types of climate in the country, from northwest to southeast once: tropical desert climate, tropical monsoon climate, and tropical rain forest climate.
Mexico City has high temperatures throughout the year, divided into two distinct seasons of drought and rain ——- standard tropical monsoon climate.That is to say, 6 months of the year are dry and hot, while the other 6 months are almost daily rain.
This project, according to the Architect Fernanda Canales, “ is located on the plain of a mountain almost three hours from Mexico City and seeks two apparently contradictory things: shelter and openness. On the one hand, it seeks to be a refuge from the radical climate, which in the same day reaches almost 30 degrees Celsius and where it rains practically daily for 6 months, and, on the other hand, tries to open up as much as possible to a vast landscape. “, the Minimalist Cor Vision proposed, With Thermal Bridge Break and insulated glass, to maximize openings and visual cleaning and, at the same time, the desired temperature protection。
Not only would the house, dubbed Casa Terreno, need to be resilient enough to withstand weather whiplash, but it also had to create all of its own energy.
In order to meet both the need for shelter and the desire for openness, the house is arranged around four courtyards.
The first courtyard, defined by its curved shape, serves as the threshold between the exterior and the entrance, and leads to a brick sky-lit chamber with a dramatic vaulted ceiling.This is what makes this building unique, and everyone who comes here will praise the architect.
The second courtyard is also the largest, with access to the home center. This courtyard connects the east-facing bedroom flanks and the southern living area, marking the transition from the most private to the most public.
The third courtyard, also on the south side, is a lower sheltered space that leads to the rooftop terrace, while the fourth courtyard (the smallest courtyard) is located in the service area.
The beauty of the house is reflected in its material condition, because the exterior of the house is bricked and the interior is concrete and wood. When using broken bricks, the red and rough texture is completely different from the use of smooth interior surfaces and neutral tones. The rough bricks are combined with the natural environment to integrate the building with the surrounding environment. The smooth surface of the interior gives a comfortable feel.
To add more interest and design to “Casa Terreno”, the vault became the ceiling of the house. Canales created a new terrain in which vaulted roofs coexist with flat roofs. This is the flat green roof space above the kitchen and service area.
This house is located in a remote wasteland, there is no public energy available, and the house is not air-conditioned to heat or cool. Natural lighting and cross ventilation are the only ways to regulate the room temperature. Heating uses wood-burning fireplaces to reduce energy demand on the house. Electricity and hot water are powered by solar energy, while bucket roofs help collect rainwater into underground storage tanks.