Kazanlak is located near the Shipka Gorge (Шипка-Долина) on the southern slope of the Balkan Mountains. Kazanlak was developed from a fortress in the Middle Ages, and then gradually flourished due to the cultivation of roses.
Table of Contents
The modern city dates back to the beginning of the 15th century. It was founded as a military fortress to protect the Shipka Pass and later developed as a city of craftsmen. More than 50 handcrafts developed such as tanning, coppersmithing, goldsmithing, frieze weaving, shoemaking, cooperage and, of course, rose cultivation.
The oil-producing rose, imported from central Asia via Persia, Syria and Turkey, found all the necessary conditions to thrive – proper temperature, high moisture and light, sandy, cinnamon-forest soils.
Kazanlak rose oil has won gold medals at expositions in Paris, London, Philadelphia, Antwerp, Laet, and Milan. After Bulgarian independence the handcrafts declined due to the loss of the markets in the huge Ottoman Empire. The textile, aerospace and military industries were developed.
Rose Valley(Розова долина)
The famous Rose Valley (Розова долина) is located not far from the city. It is this small town and the Rose Valley that have earned Bulgaria the name of “Rose Country”.
The Rose Valley is about 100-130 kilometers long from east to west and 10-15 kilometers wide from north to south. It is the main producing area of Bulgarian roses. It concentrates more than 3/4 of the country’s rose production, and the entire rose planting area of the valley reaches nearly 3000 hectares.
When early summer comes, Rose Valley becomes a sea of roses. You can see that roses with different varieties and different color forms are filled with rich floral fragrance.
Bulgaria has more than 300 years of production history of rose oil. In order to retain the tradition of rose oil production, Bulgaria has designated the first Sunday of June as the “Rose Festival” since the late 1960s. During the rose harvest season, the Kazanlak region in the southern foothills of the Balkan Mountains celebrates the “Rose Festival”.
The city of Kazanlak is the area where Bulgaria produces the most oil-producing roses. Every year the municipal government organizes the “Rose Festival”, which shows the diligent, intelligent and hospitable character of the Bulgarian people through cultural activities and promotes economic and trade exchanges.
Bulgaria is an important exporter of rose oil, and its production accounts for 40% of world production. Rose oil is the main raw material for making high-quality perfumes. The price of 1 kg of rose oil in the international market is 5000 to 6000 US dollars. Therefore, rose oil is called “liquid gold”.
Bulgaria is rich in roses. It has been producing and refining rose oil since the 17th century. It is the world’s main producer of rose oil. Its products are sold around the world as high-quality flavors and are one of Bulgaria’s traditional export products.
“Rose Valley” is the main rose producing area in Bulgaria. Rose oil production accounts for a quarter of the country and enjoys a high reputation in the world. Bulgaria has a 300-year history of extracting rose oil. Two tons and half of rose petals can make one kilogram of rose oil. On the first Sunday of June every year, flower growers who plant roses hold grand celebrations with ethnic characteristics and wish them a good harvest. Bulgaria has designated this annual traditional celebration as “Rose Festival”.
The festival coincides with the early summer season when people come from all directions to a narrow strip of more than 100 kilometers (commonly known as “Rose Valley”) at the southern foot of the majestic Balkan Mountains, performing folk song and dance and masquerade dances.
A helicopter is in the square where people gather Hovering over the sky, throwing petals and spraying perfume, it was intoxicating. After the plane landed, a dressed rose merchant walked out of the cabin, hung a cloth bag on his shoulders.
and kept beckoning to people, expressing holiday congratulations, and beckoning that he would put Bulgarian specialty roses The oil is transported to all parts of the world.
The hospitable rose farmers invite guests to dance the “Horo Dance” together, the beautiful “rose girl” presents garlands to the guests, expresses their welcome, and prays to God for the wish of blessing the rose harvest. The various villages and towns of Rose Valley will last for about a week.
PART OF THE LARGER HISTORICAL museum in Kazaniak, Bulgaria, the Rose Museum started out as an exhibition temporarily staged to honor the region’s relationship with the oil-producing flower.
Eventually, its popularity led to the Rose Museum becoming its own mini-museum, exploring every facet of Bulgaria’s rose production industry. It is the only museum of its kind in the world, and digs into almost every aspect of rose oil and rose water production.
Rose-picking producing has been an important industry in Bulgaria since at least 1650, when written evidence of industrial capacities of the plant were first recorded on paper. Its first export of rose oil was recorded in 1740, sold to a French perfume company as a raw material for the much-desired essential oils that acted as a key player in countless fragrances worn by the women of Europe.
The museum contains the reproductions of the first laboratory for rose oil studies as well as a 1912 rose warehouse. Photos, documents, and vessels for storing and transporting the precious oils are also popular attractions. A gem of the museum that is considered one of its biggest attractions is a vessel that still smells of the musky, floral fragrance despite being out of commission since the 1940’s. The gift shop offers the usual museum fare alongside rose jam, rose liquor, and rose-scented cosmetics.
Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak
The Thracian tombs of Kazanlak are part of a large Thracian tomb group. The tomb consists of a narrow aisle and a circular tomb. The walls of the cemetery are decorated with frescoes depicting a ceremonial funeral feast of a Thracian couple.
The time of the tomb dates back to the 4th century BC. In 1979, the site was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The horses in the murals are impressive, and the pictures of the couples holding arms and arms with tenderness and equivalence with gestures are particularly memorable.
The woman in the painting was imaged on the back of the Bulgarian Lev coin with a denomination of 50 in 2005. The murals of the Thracian tombs in Kazanlak are the best preserved artistic masterpieces of the Hellenistic era in Bulgaria.